5 Elements of Good Garden Design

Elements of Good Garden Design – There are more than 5 Elements, let’s keep it simple to start.

Color, Balance, Light, Texture & Contrast.  For every new Gardener, it can be overwhelming knowing what to plant with what, which colors to use and how it will all look in full bloom.  Will everything have balance, will the colors pop and will there be enough contrast so your garden isn’t boring?  Check out the tips below and make sure to share your gardens with us!







COLOR – Single-color schemes enchant with their simplicity. The real fun comes in expressing your personality by combining colors. Some colors compete for attention; others harmonize.

Although flowers are the jewels of the garden, too many different colors look chaotic. Remember that a balance of subtly different colors creates a pleasing effect.


BALANCE – There are two basic types of balance: symmetrical (formal) and asymmetrical (informal). When establishing balance, you need to determine a central reference point from which to draw an axis. It could be the front door, a tree in the backyard, or any other object.


LIGHT -What could be more lovely than early morning or evening in the garden, when plants virtually glow from warm backlighting? Who can deny that light gives plants life?  I use Solar Lights all over my Flower Garden, they shine through the flowers at night!

Light and shade change the way colors look and how they work together. Although you can’t control natural light, you can play up its effects. Bright light has the same impact as warm color — it advances visually, making an object or area feel closer than it really is.






TEXTUREThe characteristics of texture divide plants into three basic groups: coarse, medium, and fine. Coarse-textured plants, hardscaping materials, or garden structures have large or boldly tactile components, such as the leaves of rhubarb or an arbor made with rough-cut 8×8 posts. Fine-textured materials include many ferns and grasses or a delicate structure such as a bent-wire trellis or arbor. Medium textures fall in between.



CONTRAST – You can contrast textures by varying hardscaping materials, such as bricks and gravel, or plant textures, such as a leathery leaved magnolia next to a finely needled cedar or juniper shrub. Finally, the colors of flower blossoms can create wonderful contrasts. To be most effective, the hues should be widely separated on the color wheel. For example, red and green, purple and orange, and yellow and blue represent the highest contrast in color. You can also contrast variegated leaves with solid colors, or green and purple leaves.